World No Tobacco Day: Tips and tricks to stop
On yesterday's World No Tobacco Day (May 31), doctors across Germany informed about the possible consequences of tobacco use and methods of quitting smoking. Under the motto "Patchwork Germany - What goes wrong with non-smoking protection?", The shortcomings in the legislation were also discussed.
Although Germany committed itself to implementing effective non-smoking protection in 2003 by signing the International Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), "eight years later we are still a long way from it" Dr. Uwe Prümel-Philippsen, spokesman for the "Action Alliance No Smoking". Legislation at the level of the various federal states is often extremely unclear. The protection of non-smokers from passive smoking was therefore once again a focus of World No Tobacco Day this year. In addition, doctors across Germany have provided information on the health consequences of tobacco smoking and questions about quitting smoking at various events and on the expert hotlines that have been set up.
Quitting Tips Many smokers try to quit tobacco regularly, but often to no avail. In most cases, however, their failure is not due to physical addiction but due to psychological dependence. According to the experts, certain situations trigger key stimuli in the brain, which are responsible for the smoker's failure to quit. Nevertheless, most tobacco consumers manage to become non-smokers without professional help, Gerhard Bühringer, head of the smoking clinic in Dresden, told the news portal "n-tv.de". The expert gave the smokers some tips to help with weaning. According to Bühringer, it is especially important to stop immediately instead of trying to gradually reduce tobacco consumption. Because a single consistent "No" is easier, according to the specialist, than to say "No" again and again. In addition, all people in their personal environment should be informed that smokers are planning to quit so that it becomes "embarrassing" if those affected fail, Bühringer explained. It should be a matter of course for other people that smokers are not offered cigarettes or other tobacco products during the weaning period.
Take therapeutic measures in case of doubt. In addition, the expert recommends that tobacco users on the way to a non-smoker that they look for alternatives so that when the key stimuli are triggered, a cigarette is not automatically used. From chewing gum to learned relaxation exercises, tobacco addicts have a variety of methods at their disposal, explains Gerhard Bühringer. However, according to the expert, eating is a rather critical substitute act, since there is a risk of considerable weight gain, which can result in those affected starting to smoke again for weight reasons. In addition, obesity and obesity are associated with significant health risks that should be avoided if possible. If smokers fail to stop using tobacco on their own, according to Bühringer, therapeutic measures are also available to get rid of the cigarettes. According to the expert, behavioral therapy group programs are the most effective method. In addition, these are paid by the health insurance companies as a prevention service. The participants have to pay "between 60 and 100 euros, depending on the health insurance company," explained the head of the smoking clinic in Dresden. Overall, according to Bühringer, "self-confidence, the assessment of one's own competence and social support" are the essential factors on the way to becoming a non-smoker. In addition, there is "the insight that smoking has negative effects on health", the expert emphasized to "n-tv.de" and added: "There is no low-risk nicotine consumption. As little as three to six cigarettes a day are harmful to health and shorten life expectancy. ”
Protection against the dangers of passive smoking The World No Tobacco Day was not only devoted to the problems of smokers when weaning, but also focused on effective protection against the dangers of passive smoking. The Federal Republic has committed to this by signing the signature of the International Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), but according to the expert of the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Dr. Martina Pötschke-Langer, the reality looks very different. "Over 80 percent of the pubs and bars and more than 90 percent of the arcades in Germany are still smoky," explained the DKFZ expert, referring to a recent study that examined 2,939 restaurants in ten federal states. While smokers are still allowed to feel at home in most pubs, “there can be no question of freedom of choice for non-smokers in restaurants,” said Pötschke-Langer. "If you want to go to a pub in the evening, you have to search a long time in many places if you want to relax and have a smoke-free conversation," the expert concluded. Therefore, according to Dr. Uwe Prümel-Philippsen, spokesman for the "Action Alliance No Smoking", the express aim of World No Tobacco Day, to inform citizens about their right to effective protection against the dangers of secondhand smoke. "In particular, we would like to encourage the non-smoking majority of the population to demand this right from those responsible," emphasized Prümel-Philippsen. (fp)
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