Heart attack: mortality reduced by 70 percent

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Cardiologists: Heart attack mortality reduced by 70 percent

According to leading cardiologists, a heart attack doesn't have to be a death sentence these days. Thanks to the latest medical treatment methods, the death rate from heart attacks has decreased by 70 percent in recent years. Nevertheless, the number of heart diseases continues to increase overall. Many patients survive a heart attack with a weakened heart. The result: life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias. However, scientists are now doubting whether treatment is useful in any case.

Interventional treatment methods successful in heart attacks The mortality rate after heart attacks has decreased by 70 percent in the past few years, according to the experts. Ellen Hoffmann, President of the annual conference of the German Society for Cardiology (DGK) and chief physician at the Munich City Hospital, sees the main reason in the gentle, so-called interventional treatments. Interventional methods have been developed very quickly and successfully in recent years. "Sudden cardiac death can now be prevented using modern defibrillators and the causes of illness can be remedied interventionally using a cardiac catheter," Hoffmann told the news agency "dpa".

Artificial scar formation to prevent electronic impulses that trigger atrial fibrillation is also one of the methods that will be presented at the 78th DGK annual conference from April 11th to 14th in Mannheim, Eckart Fleck from the German Heart Center Berlin reports. Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and can lead to stroke in some situations.

DGK President Georg Ertl points out that although more and more patients would survive a heart attack, this is often associated with heart failure. The number of people with heart disease is therefore increasing. Taking into account the dramatically rising costs, one also has to think about whether everything that can be done should actually be done. "The question is whether every ninety-year-old still needs aortic valve surgery," said Ertl.

Causes of Heart Attack Heart attack, also known as myocardial infarction in medical terminology, is a life-threatening event due to a heart disease. Parts of the heart muscle die due to a disturbance in the blood flow. As a rule, the circulatory disorder is triggered by blood clots in a constriction of a coronary artery, for example by hardening of the arteries. If medical care is provided to those affected within the first hour, the greatest chance is that the vascular occlusion can be completely reversed. Therefore, affected people should contact the emergency call as soon as possible so that they can be treated as quickly as possible. Many patients often react too late.

Risk factors for heart attacks include smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure and family history. Obesity, an unhealthy diet and a lack of exercise can further increase some risk factors. (ag)

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Video: Reversing heart disease: Mayo Clinic Radio

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