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Women live longer, but are also affected by diseases for a longer time
On average, women living in Germany have a longer life expectancy than men. It is also crucial how many years women enjoy good or acceptable health. Depression and physical complaints primarily affect older women, which somewhat diminishes the prospects for a long life overall.
Living longer with illnesses Women in Germany get older than men on average, but can they be happy about that? This question has to be asked because, according to an analysis by the statistical office "Eurostat" for countries of the European Union (EU), women in Germany in particular are struggling with sometimes serious illnesses in old age. Based on the data evaluation, it can be seen that EU residents live on average for around 21 years after reaching their 65th birthday. Men still have a life expectancy of around 17 years after reaching the age of 65. If the “healthy life years” are included, men and women have almost the same “healthy life expectancy” in relative years. Women over the age of 65 still have 8.8 healthy years ahead of them, and 8.7 years for men. Conversely, this means that women as a whole spend more years with mental or physical illnesses than men.
Women in Sweden live the longest healthy In Sweden, women live longest with healthy years in a European comparison. A Swede who has reached the age of 65 today can look forward to another 15 years of good health. The statistics are followed by the countries of Luxembourg and Denmark. Citizens live here on average for another 12 years without serious suffering. In contrast, the outlook in Slovakia is very poor. Pensioners in this EU country have only 2.8 healthy years ahead of them.
Germany is below average Although Germany is one of the most developed industrial nations and has comparatively very good health care, Germany is not as good in terms of healthy life expectancy among women in the EU. The European average is 8.8 healthy years. Germany is below with 1.7 years, namely with 7.1 years of life. Men in Germany have a slightly higher life expectancy than the EU, but the healthy years show a below-average value of 6.9 years, calculated from the age of 65. In the EU comparison, the average is around 8.7 years.
Men can also look forward to longer health in Sweden. Around 65 years of good health awaits a 65-year-old Scandinavian. The statistics are followed by male citizens in Denmark and Malta. There, residents can still look forward to 12 years. The prospects for Slovaks are also very poor: here men only enjoy good health over 3.3 years.
Life expectancy and healthy years without connection It is striking that the healthy life years is not in a context to the general life expectancy. Because people are not the oldest in Sweden, but in Spain. There, men and women have the longest life expectancy compared to the other EU countries. In contrast, women in Romania and Bulgaria have the least chance of a long life. Men live significantly less in the Baltic states of Lithuania and Latvia.
Life expectancy of a newborn According to a survey by the World Health Organization WHO in Germany, the general life expectancy of a newborn today is 79.9 years. Women live a good 5 years longer than men. In a global comparison, people in Japan and San Marino live the longest with a relative life expectancy of 83 years.
For the study, senior citizens across Europe were asked about their well-being. The data evaluation is based on the subjects' self-assessments. It was rated as "healthy" if the participants complained about no complaints or loss of physical condition. (sb)
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Image: Thomas Max Müller / pixelio.de