Mumps vaccination for teachers



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STIKO recommends mumps vaccination for teachers and nurses

30.07.2012

Vaccinations are recommended by the Robert Koch Institute's Standing Vaccination Committee (STIKO) for various diseases and groups of people. Now the STIKO has spoken out for having teachers vaccinated against mumps in general.

Those who work with adolescents should, like the staff in professions with patient contact, get vaccinated against mumps, the Permanent Vaccination Commission advises in their latest vaccination recommendations. In this way, outbreaks like in a primary school in Nuremberg last year should be avoided.

Changed vaccination recommendation for teachers and nurses
Unprotected people "who work in health care professions in direct patient care, in community facilities or training facilities for young adults" should be immunized against mumps in the future, according to the latest report from the Robert Koch Institute (RKI). Accordingly, nurses and teachers are now advised to be vaccinated against mumps. The change in vaccination recommendations is the result of a mumps outbreak in 2011 at a primary school in Nuremberg, where it was found that some teachers were not vaccinated against the disease. This had significantly promoted the spread of the diseases.

Mumps outbreak in a primary school in Nuremberg
So far, the vaccination recommendation for mumps has only applied to adults who work in paediatrics, community facilities for preschoolers and children's homes. The evaluation of the events in Nuremberg, where 23 people (18 students, 3 teachers and 2 parents) contracted mumps , the STIKO has now moved to adjust the vaccination recommendation, according to the current message. Mumps vaccination is generally recommended up to the age of two, with lifelong protection against disease after the two-dose vaccination. The same applies to a Mumps disease.

Typical symptoms of a mumps disease
Mumps are usually transmitted by droplet infection. The average incubation period is 16 to 18 days. Mumps is extremely contagious if there is no vaccination protection. During many Mumps infections with no noticeable symptoms, other patients show a fever, sore throat, headache and the typical swelling of the parotid gland, which can be associated with severe pain, especially when chewing. Other salivary glands including the pancreas may also be affected, which can result in severe abdominal pain (in the upper abdomen) and greasy diarrhea (fatty stool). Furthermore, life-threatening meningitis, especially in children, is threatened by neurological failures and dizziness. In rare cases, Mumps disease results in an inner ear hearing loss. In men, mumps can also cause inflammation of the testicles, which in the worst case can lead to infertility.

Changed recommendations for catch-up vaccinations
In addition to the changed recommendations on mumps vaccination for teachers and nurses, STIKO has also issued new age-related guidelines for catch-up vaccinations if the vaccination status is incomplete or unknown. According to the STIKO, adequate vaccinations should be carried out, for example, if there is insufficient protection against tetanus, diphtheria, whooping cough or polio. In addition, STIKO advises adults born after 1970 who were not vaccinated against measles in childhood or only vaccinated once, preferably against a single measles vaccination with a measles-mumps-rubella vaccine. Another change in vaccination recommendations affects meningococci. According to the RKI, “vaccinations are recommended by STIKO for people at increased risk of serious meningococcal diseases and for travelers to countries with a high risk of infection”. (fp)

Read also about vaccinations:
Stiftung Warentest advises against chickenpox vaccination
WHO: Measles increase in Europe
Renaissance of measles in Germany
Are children out of vaccines in Germany?
Japan: Four children die after vaccination

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